Wednesday, 25 November 2015

Changing the Electoral Cycle

George Osborne continues to screw the young and the poorest, but has carried out a few retreats, U turns and a Blairite spending review.

Instead of dishing out the pain, come what may, and exploiting a supposed weak Labour party in opposition, he's retreated to a less painful stance, with a reliance on cuts to Universal Credit and its philosophy to do his bidding.

But the news organisations keep missing why he might have altered the electoral cycle in economic terms. It's because whatever happens in the European Referendum, the Tories will then start to eat each other. Whether we stay in, or come out, the accusations will fly, and they are doing already about Cameron's fake renegotiation stance - one further weakened by his need to co-operate over terrorism.

Whatever the result, the Tories will lose, but the loss by bad feeling might be delayed by the first sense that 'a decision was taken' and the losers losing. And that's the best moment the Tories can go for an election. If they wait longer, Labour might strengthen either behind the admirable Jeremy Corbyn or after some coup attempt within the Parliamentary Labour Party.

So I expect an attempt to repeal the Fixed Term Parliament Act,
where the Tories might find sympathisers elsewhere for a majority. At present the PLP and others might well be for its maintenance, plus a few Tories - in other words, it cannot then be changed. But it could well be repealed if it doesn't simply involve a return to the Prime Minister's decision to dissolve Parliament (an ability that derives from him being the Monarch's first minister - how Royal power continued to function).

Osborne is also positioning himself to take over from Cameron, and he will be keen to make this sooner than later, even if he is already acting as Chief Executive to Cameron as Chair. The 'Blairite' positioning is therefore now, deliberate and with the Referendum timing in mind. This government will want more than its effective majority of about 16, certainly as that will be gone after the Referendum.

Islam's Decline

I've resisted rushes to judgment regarding recent terrorism and related activity. My view is, suppose we (military powers) were decided and did clear out Syria and Iraq of the Islamic State, and set up areas where people could rebuild their lives (could be a good idea): what difference would it make to these ideologues operating out of European capitals and other cities?

As for them not being in any way representative of Islam... Well, the IRA used to compromise the Roman Catholic Church (among this Church's other morally dubious internal activities) but the IRA never fought in the name of Roman Catholicism. Islamic State does, and it is one of the children of the Wahabi type approaches to Islam exported from Saudi Arabia, essentially one of the products of Western Imperialism. The Qur'an contains some pretty nasty texts, as does the Bible and even the Bhagavad Gita set in a civil war scenario has Arjuna telling Krishna that it is his duty to fight. The 'religious classics' as David Tracy has them can motivate in multifarious ways. So it does matter that Muslims condemn Islamic State and why, just as Christians ought to condemn the Klu Klux Klan and any form of Christian based ethnic superiority (take the Yugoslav break up as a time when such did not happen). Islam - Salam - should be a religion of peace (with conditions regarding its freedom to operate) but it is, unfortunately, up to Muslims to proclaim this.

For too long, since the Renaissance, Islam has had a chip on its shoulder. The 'final revelation' (also it believes it was the first) was superseded culturally and intellectually by the West. Things really went wrong after the end of the Ottaman Empire and some pretty silly boundaries for Arab and other States post World War I that ended up being ruled by political thugs. The failure of the Arab Spring is a failure of those States as conceived - Egypt should have done better. The result is that Islam continues to dig itself in a hold. For too long it has clericalised and intellectual centres in the east have contracted and been suspicious of Western Islamic intellectuals. Reform is now more than necessary.

The danger is that Islam gets regarded today as Roman Catholicism was regarded at the time of Elizabeth I. This would be tragic and unnecessary. It is already going that way in France, with its secularism tradition - thus Islam becomes a threat, thus extremists target France in particular. Islam is in need of a Reformation, just as a corrupt Christianity had to reform. If it doesn't, it will end up being the loser, it will lose moral authority. The reform has to relativise Islam, see the Qur'an as historical and not perfect, actually teach its content more widely to believers rather than its repetition, and tackle the questions around absence of archaeology regarding the founding years of Islam around Makkah and Madina.

This terrorism will pass because it is a condition of the current condition of Islam and political forces. The lunatics running this particular asylum are young and will rotate through. But the damage done to Islam could be much the greater, unless its adherents address the need for liberating reform - to attempt to return to that intellectual and artistic culture of its heyday, when it could tell an intolerant Christianity a thing or two.

Monday, 5 October 2015

Even More LRT Diagramming

Having made an effort to stretch out the eastern side of the London Rapid Transit diagram, the obvious stared me in the face and presented a huge challenge. The south was too squashed. The basis of the diagram is a magnified middle of complex city lines and the outer lines are compressed. But with the Overground, the outer areas become more important.

The history of the changes in dimensions from the Sameboat original started with a stretch for part of the north west area. This means on my diagram the lines going out north do not have to double back in response to the tilted 'bottle' of the original Circle line. I notice he keeps revising his diagram too, and has a straight line now for Thameslink (there is no longer a 'bucket' effect), but it still has to go back down before it goes up. Having done that, the effect of Sameboat's Docklands Light Railway was to distort the east. I took that distortion further, along with a levelling of the southern DLR regarding the docks in between and the river to the south. Again the bottle tilt meant Sameboat but an angle into the more southern DLR, but he didn't with the one to Beckton. I've flattened both, and thus taken these effects eastwards. The main problem for me was the distantly proposed tunnel north of Abbey Wood to a new link line at Barking Riverside. On my diagram, because of the tilt, this created a vertical River Thames when, in reality, there was a 'bump' up and then down again. The clue to solving this was to flatten the District Line going east, as indeed is the case in reality compared with any contemporary and historical diagram, including Sameboat's. The area around Barking even shows these lines merging and dropping for a while if slightly. This partial adjustment and similar to the Crossrail-in-waiting Shenfield line adjustment takes away most of the vertical Thames, and allows for a more realistic connection from Abbey Wood to Barking.

But to do this exposed the south even more as a jumble under space pressure. What I did was first take a position just south of the new Unity/ Edgware (Sameboat)/ Northern/ line extension to Battersea and increase the space south by 50%. Then I would take lines and names out and replace them one by one, with more curves. Accuracy to geography is nigh-on impossible, but it is possible to be clear. It was also clear that I had to redo the very tricky Tramlink. The first adjustment was with Crossrail 2 redone, and redone with a mind for removing it towards the simpler diagram. Finally came the map with the extended Beck Chord with connection to Barking Riverside. This proved very tricky as I realised part of it didn't work well enough without an additional bend in the Beck Chord west of Beckenham. The idea for this Chord (rather than my own simpler route, as on two maps) comes from a 2050 proposal that represents this zig zag as if on one diagonal after Bickley. No wonder these diagrams build in such distortions (and clarity is questionable with so many lines present). It is also showing northern stretching from Abbey Wood to Barking Roverside. This diagram is another of these never pixelating .SVG diagrams that are above my pay-grade. Sameboat did his mathematically, and sees errors in software programs' performances. Fantastic ability.

It took three days plus with some hefty sessions to finally complete and replace the previous London Rapid Transit routes. In each case the original tops were merged into the expanded bottoms. The merging is simply done in an old version of MS Paint. I hate the ribbon version as far less easy to use. The good raster lines are done in Real World Paint, along with curvy text, but I learnt quickly a lesson not to use its area eraser - it takes away all gradations and leaves one colour lines with sharp edges. For some straight line text along routes I used a PicPick protractor and custom fine rotation in Irfan View, to paste the text in alongside the route. The software is simpler and free and makes the distinction people forget between a document format and the programs that produce them (e.g. .DOC is not an MS Word document but just fully formatted word processing, and can be edited by different word processors - contrast with .RTF and then .TXT, for example).

I am still tempted to rename the Circle line into the Spiral line, having removed the Hammersmith and City element from the lines. It used to be the Metropolitan and that is restored east in my suggestion. The service is then easier to understand, and indeed TfL has changed Circle line services into a spiral in reality. If it becomes the Spiral line, I'll have succumbed. I'm aiming for clarity but also cost effectiveness. That's why I'd prefer to dismiss Crossrail 2 or at the very most simplify it to two branches south and a one only line to the north.

I've been at these diagrams since July, so they became somewhat obsessive, plus the explanatory document (written in .TXT, translated to .HTML and so continued).

In between I made a Creative Learning Area website for activities inside the Chamberlain House building in Hull (the Unitarian Church) and this was hand-coded with graphics produced by me.

Sunday, 13 September 2015

More on London Rapid Transit

Since I wrote the previous blog entry I have added a further map to the Localities area of my website, so that it takes account of proposals for Crossrail 2. Personally I do not like the route, or indeed the proposal as a whole. Should it happen, it must rule out a crossing near Barking Riverside that would link to Abbey Wood. I don't care either for the zig zag of lines that would be the approach to Abbey Wood (my East Chord). The simpler proposal is better and for which there are routes across the Thames via Lewisham and Woolwich. Lord Adonis and the great and the good pressed for Crossrail 2 and it has gone to public response via Transport for London. My first years ago impression of Crossrail (any of it) was that it was going to allow through trains between Paddington and Liverpool Street - a service starting at Norwich might end up at Swansea/ Abertawe, say, via London. It wouldn't have been difficult (in comparative engineering terms) either to have created a kind of ring main of railway terminus lines for through and connecting services. After all, Thameslink is a squeeze, first through Kings Cross and now through St Pancras. I propose Riverlink to go via Imperial Wharf. And this Crossrail 2 proposal would make one enormous cavernous station at Euston St. Pancras Kings Cross. What a name for a roundel! All three stations would presumably end up with one name, hopefully not Eupancross. Crossrail has turned out to be a poor compromise between concepts - mainline railway size, fewer but not few stops - and basically they amount to slightly souped up Underground routes.

All this investment amounts presently to about £5000 per person in London compared with about £5 per person in the North East. When the Conservatives made the railways and buses an operating joke around Britain, they left alone the integrity of London rapid transit. We need this for the rest of Britain and a much more rigorous regional policy - get public sector jobs out of London wherever possible, for example. The BBC has created a media hub in Manchester, but only a public body could have started this. Now Mr Corbyn is Labour leader (60%! - and all that 'writing up' Yvette Cooper was so much journalistic hogwash) perhaps we will get some imaginative ideas regarding returning rail and bus to public ownership. It should start with turning private contracts into fee paying only with tickets united across the country and purchases going to National Rail, and one livery for England and Wales. I'd allow 'service provided by' but that's it. When the contracts are up, or they go bust, the state takes over. Same for the buses - contracts up, the state takes over.

What London needs is the development of the London Overground as fast, frequent and alternative routes, so that some passengers take a little longer to go around the city to come in at a later point. Stations should be moved and extended to provide more junctions. Major new lines will be like new roads: they fill up rapidly and then someone starts thinking about the next one. So much of this is like the dog chasing its tail.

Tuesday, 8 September 2015

Mapping London's Rapid Transit

As a child I was always drawing maps: with the youngster's elastic eyeballs I could use pens and pencils and do a good interpretation of Ordnance Survey maps especially when the new metric 1:50000 came out with their changed road colours and flesh coloured urban areas.

In the computer age and my mid-range spectacles (in fact my earliest whole reading glasses) I do things on screen, and have become rather wrapped up in the complexities of the London commuter railway system. There are examples about of people redrawing the London Underground and London Overground system as it gets ever more complicated and acquires more kinks. The Central Line will have to kink more when Crossrail comes in, for example.

A chap called Sameboat in Hong Kong decided to have a go and tilted the bottle that is the Central Line. The result was very good. Like many, he uses the vector line system that is the .SVG file, but an .SVG file is actually no more than the same sort of code in an .XML file of defined tags - what became the governor of .HTML and more. Music composition files are .XML files and they have tags designed for purpose - and thus become the way to transfer music sheets between different music composing software. I find .SVG programs hard to use (I need to grapple with the learning curve), so reverted to programs that relate to both vector and raster and end up with good raster lines on .BMP files.

When Sameboat put in a Thameslink line, the distortions of his tilted bottle map showed. He put it in as a thin pink line, so on its way north the titled bottle throws it into a U shape. So I had a go, and stretched that part, so that the rail line sweeps west and north nearer to reality. This was the beginning. I decided to make mine more of a recommendation, although he had the Edgware Line that I have only ever seen as the Northern Line.

My map is now comprehensive, that follows Sameboat's practice of labelling London Overground routes as Chords, and so there is a simpler map for an East Chord and one that follows other suggestions of a crossing between effectively Barking Riverside and Abbey Wood. I think it is sufficient to cross via Woolwich Arsenal and the coming Crossrail or even using the Docklands Light Railway more to the west. My map has now added Thameslink as it was and is together, that passes City Thameslink station, and a Riverlink alternative that goes via Shepherd's Bush. I have included all but the non-stop airport services and the final effort was to fit in what I call 'Citylink' that uses Moorgate as a terminus. I have renamed some lines so as to avoid geographical anomalies - and this had to include the Northern line - and produce some contrasting and easy to remember Chord names. The names themselves are not important but it is better to name than use numbers and no name for a Chord or line should just repeat a station on the service. Like Sameboat I have kept 'line' as lower case for the Underground, only on the basis of another distinction between Underground and Overground.

The present real situation of Underground and Overground is one of poor connectivity. To spend millions on an extension to Battersea that doesn't connect with the Victoria line is surely bad design and decision making. If Vauxhall is too busy for a connection then have a new station at South Lambeth - and very useful it would be for locals. Going to Kennington before turning to London is too far. Surely Brixton can be connected between the high Overground and the Victoria line. I have included connections within walking distance - but 500 yards is too far. How West Ruislip is supposed to be linked to Ickenham I really don't know.

My two maps come with an explanatory web page and this includes a listing of stations for all Chords and where services go off the map. My map goes as far south as the Wimbledon Loop, although with me it is no longer a loop nor indeed Thameslink. Branches out intensify the central area frequency of services, but these have to be reasonably easy to follow, and this is why the Tennis line was born out of the District line, and thus the start of associating names. I know that the Short Chord isn't the shortest, but the Brothers Chord helps seeing the difference with the Sisters Chord, and the Short Chord with the Long Chord. I did think of the High Chord to replace Sameboat's North Chord, but other Chords were 'higher' geographically, and so it became the Great Chord with no implications for place. I know Wembley is used for more than football, but the Football Chord is easy to remember and works with both the Tennis line and the Cricket line - as names. And Perrin, Shardrack and Bamber as names for Chords I leave to the reader to work out, but it has something to do with Norbiton, in the first instance.

And now I know why the spending on infrastructure per person is something like £5000 in London and £5 in the North East of England. But logic, efficiency and rationality needs an identifiable rapid transit system to cope with demand, as well as bringing British Rail back as a unified system (united ticket system, move to one livery) of either fee paid providers or public ownership.

Saturday, 29 August 2015

More Semi-Detached

This is a difficult blog to write, because one of my personal commitments is not to discuss local Hull Unitarian matters online. Most people know the phrase about leaving a mess at your own back door. And this is despite not being a member.

Nevertheless, I have become increasingly semi-detached lately regarding the Unitarians locally and beyond, and this is despite a new minister that is definitely more beneficial than negating. I say that because with change and actual impact comes the informal mumbles and grumbles that I hear because of my semi-detached position held that means I hear them.

Nevertheless, I can't but refer to local matters if in generality in order to try and grapple with why I am becoming more and not less semi-detached. In doing the magazine and in doing the music, there is considerably less freedom to operate, and everything is falling under a heavy managerial steering wheel.

To some extent this had to happen; this was the gamble taken and certainly I agreed and agree with it. There should be more co-ordination and direction, and any ministerial future that didn't offer such co-ordination wasn't one that was wanted. Also the present direction and basis is fortunately what might be called 'theologically compatible', which includes a strong commitment to diversity of ideas and more.

But there's a problem, and it's the English Presbyterian model, the one the enhances the trustees. It's congregationalism by committee, but the committee that becomes the trustees. It's the law too. Being told it's the congregational meeting making the decisions turned out to be incorrect. But, with strong personalities, decisions taken become the decision not of one hand on the steering wheel, but a series of swerves and gear changes, brakes applied and the accelerator pressed, all because of the different trustees' effective hands on the steering wheel. You see in decision after decision, almost as if there is either awe or fear of them. To some extent this is the methodological basis of establishing a more sure position from which to proceed - now x and y is arrived at let's back this plan, but some people are never satisfied and the same continues.

I think this is a general pattern, and not just particular to one place. But with the Unitarians it raises a further problem, and because there is no longer a theology of Church (ecclesiology). When there is no such ecclesiology, all you get is the naked jockeying of position as of any club committee.

What worries me is when these processes are being absorbed into the way of doing things. Again I have to be 'local', breaking my vow, at least to some extent.

What used to happen is that people got themselves 'jobs' and I did too, on the basis that it didn't involve me in membership and certainly not being a trustee and therefore some in sort of 'officer' role. But even with the 'officers', what used to happen is that people went off and did their own thing. They got on with it. They were criticised, and made adjustments, and after a time a sort of consensus of 'that's how it gets done' takes over. This happened with the music. I moved the music from watching people bunging CDs into a CD player and pressing buttons with delays and errors, to me going a behind the curtain with one prepared CD in tracks order (having liaised with service takers). I then focussed on building a supply library of hymn tunes as files and other music, and aiming for high quality in content and presentation. My choices and volume levels were criticised, but these things were adjusted - criticism had moved "to a higher level", as it was once stated.

I wasn't trusted as someone to do the magazine, but someone had to make it on time, with less filler and some sense of design. I was criticised intensely at first, and I had a hands-off editor above me, who said what was not on and what was on. Fair enough - I could live with that and it was even useful. I got on with the job. So I interviewed, took photos, wrote, got the software improved, arranged it, and got the thing going. There were mistakes, and I heard the positive and negative, and carried on with it making adjustments and trying new approaches.

The point is there is distance between the trustees and the operators. We operators get on with it, each doing different jobs, and unofficial chat is as much a changer of things as any official policy (policy that agrees to money to pay for printing, to purchase things for cost purposes, but even that is referred to conversationally).

But now (as expected, even welcomed) there is much less room for manoeuvre, either with the music or with the magazine. But what is annoying is the even admitted hands on the steering wheel. About which I shall say little more: except that I was hoping the ministerial hand was itself a protection from the trustees, whereas it happens that it has made them all the more present, even down to choices of photographs and where to edit articles and how.
Does this sort of thing matter? Can one accept it? Well, you can, when it is based on some sort of principle.

Now I make the point, rather repetitively, that I go to the churches I attend despite and not because of the people there. This even includes myself! Having a rather old sense of 'sin' as I do, that is regarding human behaviour, I expect politics in all sorts of places. I can even do the techniques myself, after Machiavelli, although one hopes for more awareness and better in a church. I go to the Unitarians despite and not because of the people there: not all of them and not to the same degree of course, and more about what they do than who they are. I'm sure this is mutual regarding my presence and activity.

I've heard that Unitarians, in a sort of theology-free way, are a 'loving fellowship'. Don't bet on it. I've heard, and hear, that it should be a 'safe space' for getting together. Don't bet on that either. I mean it should be all sorts of things, but that doesn't mean it is.

I go to the Unitarians because I agree with the principle of liberal religion, a kind of market place of ideas, and that these can come together in debate and discussion to form something liturgically that promotes the liberty to others and enhances their being. It intends to undermine the activity of saying one thing or appearing to but actually thinking another, although liturgy always involves compromise and blurring of the edges (people who say Unitarians worship as they choose are misleading - they don't because they compromise). I go to the Unitarians because as a 'modern' and a little 'postmodern' I want my religion to be as changeable and meaningful as my science and my social science. I don't want to have to go to a museum of thought and pretend. I am very anti Postliberalism and Radical Orthodoxy for example, where the bubbles of 'performance' operate ir where Platonic idealism turns into fantasy island.

This notion that one goes 'for fellowship' is because of a deeply inadequate ecclesiology, and absence of theology of Church. In some response to this I'm reading some very conservative academic books on Church - one about the Oxford movement and one that is contemporary (Roman Catholic without ever saying so - Roman Catholic seminary based and publishing, however: and addresses a whole array of theologians and stances, with a particular emphasis - anti - on feminism).  I always like to read the opposition, because I get better informed about their arguments and it allows me to think up some alternative that applies.

Beyond all that, there are Congregationalists still present, although, like the United Reformed Church, they are falling through the floor in terms of membership and relevance. Nevertheless, Congregationalists know why they assemble as they do, and it is that the local Church is the best and closest ecclesiastical expression to realise the Gospel of Jesus Christ. So when they argue, they argue out of an identifiable principle, and often state it so. Unitarians don't do that, they just argue - because no one really knows the principle...

(Some are liberal about Christianity, some are religious humanists, some are diverse and for all, some just want to build 'community' that has a religious implication, some think Unitarians should appear to be 'church' while allowing freedom of thought - the Unitarian version of postliberalism, a few just a few hold to the stance that there is no doctrine of the Trinity in the Bible but are otherwise sola-scriptural, and fewer still are English Presbyterian historicists...).

Gone is a stance regarding the formation of the Church. It was always a running argument - say the nineteenth century had its denominationalist biblicists verses the romanticist Free Christians (and semi-Anglican in ethos). But now it is not a running argument but, like a lot of Unitarianism, a dissolving. So there is subsequently no theology of ministry either: a minister may only be a non-executive member of the trustees given a pastoral role and told to take most services. That's a disaster.

I've told the local Pastor [I hate the term!] in Hull that I believe in the principle of the priesthood and that he is one. This involves more than just having a role, but implies he or she uses and deepens the person into sacramental trust (I realise these days that this is often a betrayed territory). It is, from this, that the outward co-ordination can take place - and definitely not as an expression of trustees. The Pastor, or anyone, doesn't have to agree with me, and I'd indeed say it to anyone in a serious ministry role. He or she doesn't need hands on the head to produce this presence, although I am not against outward signs.

So I am thinking about a theology of Church that matches that person, one that has principle and where there is identity and diversity. I have a lot of time for Free Catholics, although again actual practice in terms of publicity might be far less than desired. I know I am not a Liberal Catholic in terms of that theosophical-optional movement that once grew, because there is too much fantasy involved both intellectually, historically and in appearances. But something on the Hungarian model of bishops I do agree with, and then something that the original Free Catholics discovered but which, in their case, did not work out.

When I proclaim that Unitarianism has 'died' I don't just mean in numbers, but that it has lost its principles that might help build it - even if it is tiny. It needs an ecclesiology, a theology of Church, and without it is simply dissolving into no more than a space where all sorts of contemporary ideas of religion are tried out. Although that might also be the starting point - a starting point after some 350 years of dissent, and just under 200 years of accepting in trustee law the evolutionary principle of religious change. A funny time to 'start' one might think.

Thursday, 27 August 2015

I Sort of Offer Support!

Gretta Vosper is a difficult one. This may need rephrasing: the issue of Gretta Vosper is a difficult one. On the one hand I agree with her, in general, more or less sharing her theological ground, but on the other hand I also think a Church has the right to define its boundaries and it may be no slur on her standing or ability to do ministry that it still thinks she is too far outside the boundary.

She could simply join the Unitarians in Canada. In the USA, a universalist Bishop Carlton Pearson joined on the basis of leaving fundamentalist Calvinism - something of a leap. People do change denominations.

On the other hand, she may retain a commitment to Christianity, like Lloyd Geering does (at the link above).
Incidentally, Don Cupitt doesn't - he says his critics were right all along. I remember at the very first Sea of Faith Conference one biblical scholar presenter saying there is a boundary somewhere beyond which what is distinctly Christian is lost. The point is, if she is clear there is no God, and that Jesus is but a man and a fallible one at that, then what is Christian about her position. Christianity loses the philosophical basis by which to focus exclusively on the Christ figure - there is no historical method by which he comes top of the religious league table. There are times when Buddha, Confucius or Gandhi are more relevant, if one wants heroes or guides. Jesus becomes a textual transfer, and no more. His very supernatural, very pre-modern outlook, but more important the premodernism of the Church he inspired, is so very different from anything the theological far left believe or, for that matter, any ordinary person going about their ordinary business.

If the Canadian Church of which she is part chucks her out, then she will have to move on. Gretta might take her congregation with her, after all in rather classic fashion of old her deconversion resulted in a loss of most of them, so those she has kept and gathered are likely to follow her along.

Unitarianism is not a simple answer as an alternative destination: I'm not sure it works, and also in the UK it is so small it is practically dead. Those of us still in it (and days like this I wonder why I am associated) are museum keepers of another kind. By this I don't mean its subculture of inheritances, but the fact that it is pretty much out of time. It's multivarious beliefs are now dissolving into wider society. It's claim of offering fellowship on the basis of free belief falls down because fellowship as such doesn't work - I maintain I attend churches despite the people there and not because of them (a variation on 'we're all sinners') so the principles have to be right. Some may think (and I may) that there ought to be some sort of sectoral identity to what a place stands for. I can't decide. Perhaps people like Greta Vosper are afraid to cut the rope, because if you do there is no safety net.

I think, incidentally, that the URC in the UK (the equivalent of her Church) has had it, and so has Methodism. They are falling like a stone. Fresh Expressions won't save the Church of England, and the cathedrals only work because people can pop in and out unnoticed for a religious concert. Christianity no longer explains anything, and it no longer has an anchor into society. But Unitarianism is simply ahead of the game again, this time at the point where it is knackered. It isn't the solution. So I wish Gretta Vosper the best, and similar folks like Sande Ramage in New Zealand. I'd recommend the Unitarians, but I can't.